Recherches archéologiques et épigraphiques dans la région du Tigray (Éthiopie). Le site de Wakarida : étude du site et approche environnementale [I]. Rapport de la 2e campagne (11 novembre-15 décembre 2012)

Abstract : The second season for the "Archaeological and Epigraphic Investigations in Tigrai Region (Pre-Aksumite & Askumite Period)" took place from 15 November to 15 December 2012 in Saʿesiʿe Tsʿada Emba woreda, north-eastern Tigrai. It is part of a four year research programme, headed by Dr Iwona Gajda and Dr Fabienne Dugast from the CNRS (Umr 8167 "Orient & Méditerranée" / Paris), and supported by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MAEE), the French Centre for Ethiopian Studies (CFEE / Addis Ababa), and the Bureau of Culture and Tourism of the Regional State of Tigrai (BCTRST / Wukro). It comes as a result of a preliminary survey which took place in March 2010, and helped making the choice of the site of Wakarida, in the tabia / district of Sawena, and Saʿesiʿe Tsʿada Emba woreda / region, to start systematic archaeological investigations which begun in March 2011. Three main lines have been considered in 2012: the archaeological one focused on the general organisation of the site of Wakarida itself. Two sectors have been opened, their choice being based on the previous results and geomorphologic analysis. Two monuments have been excavated which are usually identified with "palaces" or at least houses of a wealthy population. A geomorphologic approach helped to understand the relation between the archaeological site of Wakarida and its surrounding landscape and supplies, so as to be able to figure out, on a smaller scale, the process of the ancient settlement conception. In such a mean it was first important to focus on the connection that might have existed between men and natural supplies through time, taking into account the physiographic, geomorphologic and geologic description of the whole area. Finally, a pottery analysis has been undertaken in order to start a typology based on stratigraphic and technical elements, which the site of Wakarida seems to unable giving the opportunity.
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Fabienne Dugast, Iwona Gajda. Recherches archéologiques et épigraphiques dans la région du Tigray (Éthiopie). Le site de Wakarida : étude du site et approche environnementale [I]. Rapport de la 2e campagne (11 novembre-15 décembre 2012). [Rapport de recherche] French-Ethiopian project of archaeological and epigraphic investigations in Tigrai region, Ethiopia. 2013. ⟨halshs-00908115⟩

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