L. Batsch, Le capitalisme financier, 2002.

L. Batsch, Le recentrage : une revue des approches financières, Finance, Contrôle, Stratégie, vol.6, pp.43-65, 2003.

P. G. Berger and E. Ofek, Diversification's effect on firm value, Journal of Financial Economics, vol.37, issue.1, pp.39-65, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/0304-405X(94)00798-6

A. Chandler, Strategy and structure, 1962.

D. F. Channon, The strategy and structure of British enterprise, 1973.
DOI : 10.1007/978-1-349-01995-3

G. Charreaux, Structure de propri??t??, relation d'agence et performance financi??re, Revue ??conomique, vol.42, issue.3, pp.521-552, 1991.
DOI : 10.3406/reco.1991.409292

S. Chatterjee and B. Wernerfelt, The link between resources and type of diversification: Theory and evidence, Strategic Management Journal, vol.19, issue.1, pp.33-48, 1991.
DOI : 10.1002/smj.4250120104

H. K. Christensen and C. A. Montgomery, Corporate economic performance: Diversification strategy versus market structure, Strategic Management Journal, vol.53, issue.4, pp.327-343, 1981.
DOI : 10.1002/smj.4250020402

E. Younsi and H. , Le recentrage des entreprises non financières : analyse sur longue période en Europe et aux Etats-Unis, Thèse non publiée, 2012.

J. Fan and L. Lang, The Measurement of Relatedness: An Application to Corporate Diversification, The Journal of Business, vol.73, issue.4, pp.629-660, 2000.
DOI : 10.1086/209657

N. J. Foss, Resources, firms, and strategies: a reader in the resource-based perspective, 1997.

R. O. Hoskisson and R. A. Johnson, Research notes and communications corporate restructuring and strategic change: The effect on diversification strategy and R & D intensity, Strategic Management Journal, vol.9, issue.8, pp.625-634, 1992.
DOI : 10.1002/smj.4250130805

N. M. Kay, Pattern in corporate evolution, 1997.
DOI : 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242115.001.0001

N. M. Kay, Chandlerism in post-war Europe: strategic and structural change in France, Germany and the United Kingdom, 1950-1993: a comment, Industrial and Corporate Change, vol.11, issue.1, pp.189-197, 1950.
DOI : 10.1093/icc/11.1.189

P. G. Klein, S. K. Klein, and L. B. Lien, Are divestitures predictable? A duration analysis. Working paper, Contracting and Organizations Research Institute, 2009.

L. H. Lang and R. M. Stulz, Tobin's q, corporate diversification, and firm performance, Journal of Political Economy, vol.102, pp.1248-1280, 1994.
DOI : 10.3386/w4376

E. B. Lindenberg and S. A. Ross, Tobin's $q$ Ratio and Industrial Organization, The Journal of Business, vol.54, issue.1, pp.1-32, 1981.
DOI : 10.1086/296120

M. Lubatkin, H. Merchant, and N. Srinivasan, Construct validity of some unweighted product-count diversification measures, Strategic Management Journal, vol.11, issue.6, pp.433-449, 1993.
DOI : 10.1002/smj.4250140604

G. A. Luffman and R. Reed, The strategy and performance of British industry, pp.1970-80, 1984.

C. C. Markides, Corporate Refocusing, Business Strategy Review, vol.12, issue.1, pp.1-15, 1993.
DOI : 10.1086/259258

C. C. Markides, Diversification, refocusing, and economic performance, 1995.

C. C. Markides, Diversification, restructuring and economic performance, Strategic Management Journal, vol.75, issue.2, pp.101-118, 1995.
DOI : 10.1002/smj.4250160203

J. D. Martin and A. Sayrak, Corporate diversification and shareholder value: a survey of recent literature, Journal of Corporate Finance, vol.9, issue.1, pp.37-57, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0929-1199(01)00053-0

C. Montgomery, Diversification, market structure, and firm performance: an extension of Rumelt's model, 1979.

C. A. Montgomery, The Measurement of Firm Diversification: Some New Empirical Evidence., Academy of Management Journal, vol.25, issue.2, pp.299-307, 1982.
DOI : 10.2307/255992

C. A. Montgomery, PRODUCT-MARKET DIVERSIFICATION AND MARKET POWER., Academy of Management Journal, vol.28, issue.4, pp.789-798, 1985.
DOI : 10.2307/256237

C. A. Montgomery, Corporate Diversification, Journal of Economic Perspectives, vol.8, issue.3, pp.163-178, 1994.
DOI : 10.1257/jep.8.3.163

C. A. Montgomery and S. Hariharan, Diversified expansion by large established firms, Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, vol.15, issue.1, pp.71-89, 1991.
DOI : 10.1016/0167-2681(91)90005-I

J. E. Palard, Recentrage stratégique et politique de financement : le cas des firmes européennes cotées, Revue Finance Contrôle Stratégie, vol.10, pp.111-137, 1987.

B. Paulré, Les stratégies de recentrage dans les secteurs de haute technologies : chimie, pharmacie, informatique, et télécommunications, Etudes, 2000.

B. Paulré, Le recentrage : un essai de clarification conceptuelle, 2011.

R. Reed, Bimodality in diversification: An efficiency and effectiveness rationale, Managerial and Decision Economics, vol.30, issue.1, pp.57-66, 1991.
DOI : 10.1002/mde.4090120106

R. Reed and J. A. Sharp, Confirmation of the Specialization ratio, Applied Economics, vol.43, issue.3, pp.393-405, 1987.
DOI : 10.2307/2231835

R. P. Rumelt, Strategy, structure, and economic performance, 1974.

R. P. Rumelt, Databank on diversification strategy and corporate structure. Paper MGL- 55, 1978.

R. P. Rumelt, Diversification strategy and profitability, Strategic Management Journal, vol.52, issue.4, pp.359-369, 1982.
DOI : 10.1002/smj.4250030407

B. R. Scott, The industrial state: old myths and new realities, Harvard Business Review, vol.51, pp.133-148, 1973.

A. Shleifer and R. W. Vishny, Equilibrium short horizons of investors and firms, The American Economic Review, vol.80, pp.148-153, 1990.

B. S. Silverman, Technological Resources and the Direction of Corporate Diversification: Toward an Integration of the Resource-Based View and Transaction Cost Economics, SSRN Electronic Journal, vol.45, pp.1109-1124, 1999.
DOI : 10.2139/ssrn.120328

R. M. Stulz, Managerial discretion and optimal financing policies, Journal of Financial Economics, vol.26, issue.1, pp.3-27, 1990.
DOI : 10.1016/0304-405X(90)90011-N

D. J. Teece, R. Rumelt, G. Dosi, and S. Winter, Understanding corporate coherence, Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, vol.23, issue.1, pp.1-30, 1994.
DOI : 10.1016/0167-2681(94)90094-9

. Villalonga, Research roundtable discussion: the diversification discount. Working Paper, 2004.

B. Wernerfelt and C. A. Montgomery, Tobin's q and the importance of focus in firm performance, American Economic Review, vol.78, pp.246-250, 1988.

R. Whittington and M. Mayer, Response to Kay: 'Chandlerism in post-war Europe: strategic and structural change in France, Germany and the United Kingdom, 1950-1993: a comment', Industrial and Corporate Change, vol.11, issue.1, pp.199-205, 1950.
DOI : 10.1093/icc/11.1.199

R. Whittington, M. Mayer, and F. Curto, Chandlerism in post-war Europe: strategic and structural change in France, Germany and the UK, 1950-1993, Industrial and Corporate Change, vol.8, issue.3, pp.519-551, 1950.
DOI : 10.1093/icc/8.3.519