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Du pagarque au cadi : ruptures et continuités dans l'administration judiciaire de la Haute-Égypte (Ier-IIIe/VIIe-IXe siècle)

Abstract : According to Egyptian literary sources, which were written in the third/ninth century C.E. for the earliest ones, the institution of the qāḍī appeared in Egypt soon after the conquest. Historians like Émile Tyan challenged this view and considered qāḍīs as successors to Byzantine judges. The study of Egyptian papyri enables nuances to be drawn between these two interpretations. This article analyses a corpus of judicial papyri from seventh- through ninth- century Upper Egypt. It reconstructs the evolution of the legal system from the time of Christian pagarchs until the appearance of qāḍīs under the Abbasids, and highlights the progressive reshaping of procedures inherited from Byzantium as well as the slow Islamicisation of the Egyptian landscape's judicial system. As it will appear, the complex dynamics of this evolution do not match traditional dynastic periods defined by historians.
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Contributor : Mathieu Tillier <>
Submitted on : Thursday, October 3, 2013 - 7:22:03 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 18, 2018 - 2:11:52 AM
Document(s) archivé(s) le : Saturday, January 4, 2014 - 4:35:14 AM

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Mathieu Tillier. Du pagarque au cadi : ruptures et continuités dans l'administration judiciaire de la Haute-Égypte (Ier-IIIe/VIIe-IXe siècle). Medievales -Paris-, Puv, 2013, 64, pp.19-36. ⟨halshs-00869333⟩

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