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Les fouilles du "Palais de Trajan" à Bosra (2007-2009). Rapport préliminaire et perspectives de recherche

Abstract : Three rounds of archaeological excavations were carried out between September 2007 and October 2009 in the so-called "Palace of Trajan", a large urban house of Bosra, in southern Syria. The architectural study of this house brings out some remarkable features such as a reception hall with three apses (triconchos), amongst other things. Excavations carried out on the trench of the foundation of a facade wall allow us to date its construction to a period between the end of the fifth century and the beginning of the sixth century AD. However, the most important object of our archaeological study was the private bath, which occupies a large part of the house. It appears that this bath was far too complex in its layout and luxurious for it to merely serve domestic purposes. This observation, in addition to other distinct features, underlines the palatial nature of the Palace of Trajan. The presence of this bath, its maintenance and the remains of its rare decorations suggest that the palace had been home to a rich Christian notable from the time of its construction in Late Antiquity to its abandoning at the end of the Umayyad period.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00861998
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Pauline Piraud-Fournet. Les fouilles du "Palais de Trajan" à Bosra (2007-2009). Rapport préliminaire et perspectives de recherche. Syria. Archéologie, art et histoire, IFPO, 2010, 80, pp.281-300. ⟨halshs-00861998⟩

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