A. D. Fritsch and M. , The geography of firm birth in Germany, Regional Studies, vol.28, issue.4, pp.359-365, 1994.

B. R. Thurik-r, The Relationship between Entrepreneurship and Unemployment: is Portugal an Outlier?, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, vol.74, issue.1, pp.75-89, 2007.

B. G. Lipietz-a, Les régions qui gagnent, 1992.

B. S. Van-schaik-t, Social capital and growth in European regions: an empirical test, European Journal of Political Economy, vol.21, pp.301-324, 2005.

B. M. Facchini-f and . Koning-m, Les déterminants de la dynamique entrepreneuriale dans les régions françaises, Revue Canadienne de Sciences Régionales, pp.73-88, 2010.

C. R. and M. D. Faggian-a, Milieux innovateurs, Théorie et politiques Collective Learning and relational capital in local innovation processes, Economica Anthropos CAPELLO Regional Studies, vol.39, issue.1, pp.75-87, 2005.

C. G. , C. S. Hunt, and R. , Urban density and the rate of invention, Journal of Urban Economics, vol.61, pp.389-419, 2007.

C. D. Levratto, N. L. Manuscrit, and C. R. , La dynamique des départements français, praise of the Old I.O, pp.1-12, 2007.

C. Ph, D. G. Gobillon-l, P. D. , and R. S. , The productivity advantages of large cities: distinguishing agglomeration from firm selection, 2009.

D. M. Haynes-k, Productivity, international trade and reference area interactions in shift-share analysis : some operational notes, Growth and Change, vol.36, issue.3, pp.374-394, 2005.

D. P. , T. D. Topakian, G. P. Dreier, and M. J. Swanstrom-t, Invisible factors in local economic development Place Matters, Metropolitics for the Twenty-first Century, 1987.

E. M. , G. K. Fotopoulos-g, and S. N. , The importance and promise of American manufacturing, Center for American Progress Regional variations of firm births, deaths and growth patterns in the UK, Growth Change, vol.42, issue.322, pp.151-173, 1980.

F. A. and W. H. Wolman-h, The consequences of metropolitan manufacturing decline, rapport Brookings Institution, 2010.

G. C. Piguet-v and . Schmitt-b, Evolution récente de l'emploi industriel dans les territoires ruraux et urbains : une analyse structurelle-géographique sur données françaises, pp.3-30, 2005.

G. C. Breschi, The co-evolution of entrepreneurship and clusters Growth and Innovation of Competitive Regions, Growth and Innovation of Competitive Regions, pp.95-116, 2009.

H. C. Poulos-d, Les départements métropolitains : similitudes et oppositions socio-économiques, 2004.

J. J. Marin-lopez-r and . E. Viladecans-marsal, The mechanisms of agglomeration : evidence from the effect of inter-industry relations on the location of new firms, Journal of Urban Economics, vol.70, pp.61-74, 2011.

K. D. Walker and S. , New Firms, Small Firms and Dead Firms: Spatial Patterns and Determinants in the United Kingdom Regional Studies, pp.411-427, 1994.

K. D. Walker, S. Robson, and M. , New firm formation and small business growth in the United Kingdom: spatial and temporal variations and determinants, Research Series Department of Employment, 1993.

L. R. Srinath-k and R. D. , Correct partitioning of regional growth rates: improvements in shift-share theory, Canadian Journal of Regional Science, XXVI, issue.1, pp.121-141, 2003.

L. F. Le, R. F. , and Y. S. , L'influence de l'environnement socio-économique sur la création d'entreprises dans le secteur TIC : le cas de la France, Revue Finance Contrôle Stratégie, pp.73-107, 2005.

L. M. Niittykangas and H. , Local developers as virtual entrepreneurs -do difficult surroundings need initiating interventions, Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, pp.309-331, 2003.

M. G. Balkin, D. B. Baron, and R. A. , Inventors and new venture formation: The effects of general self-efficacy and regretful thinking, Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, vol.27, issue.2, pp.149-166, 2002.

M. , G. D. Phillip, H. P. Balkin, D. B. Gianodis, and P. T. , Entrepreneurship and university-based technology transfer, Journal of Business Venturing, vol.20, issue.2, pp.241-263, 2005.

M. P. and M. T. Maynerie-f, Spatial concentration and plant-level productivity in France, Journal of Urban Economics, vol.69, issue.2, pp.182-195, 2010.

M. P. Van-stel-a and S. D. , The effects of new firm formation on regional development over time: The case of Great Britain, Small Business Economics, vol.30, issue.1, pp.59-71, 2008.

R. P. Storey and D. J. , Local and regional characteristics affecting small business formation: a cross national comparison, 1993.

R. P. and S. D. Westhead-p, Cross-national comparisons of the variation in new firm formation rates, Regional Studies, vol.28, issue.4, pp.443-456, 1994.

S. A. Van-), S. , and D. , The Link between Firm Births and Job Creation: Is there a Upas Tree Effect?, Regional Studies, vol.38, issue.8, pp.893-909, 2004.

T. R. , C. M. Van-stell, and A. D. , Does self-employment reduce unemployment?, Journal of Business Venturing, vol.23, issue.6, pp.673-686, 2008.