Saï II, Le cimetière des tombes hypogées du Nouvel Empire (SAC5)

Abstract : This second monograph about the island of Sai, located between the second and third cataracts, presents the results of the excavation of the New Kingdom Egyptian cemetery for officials of the elite. The exploration of the cemetery began in the 1970's under the direction of the French Archaeological Mission in the Sudan led by Jean Vercoutter. The cemetery contained about twenty collective rock-cut tombs, with superstructures, many of them pyramidal, similar to those found in Soleb and Aniba in Nubia, for example, as well as those of the Theban necropolis. The graves were in use from the beginning of the 18th dynasty until the pre-Napatan period. Despite looting, some graves still contained rich funerary equipment similar to those found in Theban graves of the same period. Among these widely varied objects, which include all the elements of the classic funerary equipment of Egyptian high officials of the New Kingdom, there are inscribed stone shabtis and heart-scarabs, remarkable in their number and variety. The first section presents an overview of the necropolis and a description of each of the 24 graves that were excavated, including a catalogue of their contents. The monograph then offers a detailed study of each type of object found among the funerary goods. The latter study, along with an examination of the titles and names inscribed on a number of objects, depicts a community of civil and religious administrators - both Egyptians and assimilated Nubians - working in Sai, which was an administrative center of Upper Nubia at the beginning of the New Kingdom. Finally, this publication tries to shed light on the history of the relationships between Egypt and this gold-rich region of Upper Nubia and, more particularly, on the role of the fortified city of Sai and its inhabitants in the planned occupation of Nubia by the Egyptians in the New Kingdom.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00838701
Contributor : Florence Thill <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, June 26, 2013 - 12:27:20 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 2, 2019 - 4:38:14 PM

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  • HAL Id : halshs-00838701, version 1

Citation

Anne Minault-Gout, Florence Thill. Saï II, Le cimetière des tombes hypogées du Nouvel Empire (SAC5). Institut français d'archéologie orientale du Caire (IFAO), 500+194 p., 2012, FIFAO 69, "Archéologie Soudanaise", 978-2-7247-0604-8. ⟨halshs-00838701⟩

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