Contribution à une sociologie politique des entrepreneurs internationaux de transferts de réformes judiciaires

Abstract : This article examines the transplant of judicial reforms from the West to the East in the context of post communist transitions in Europe. Our approach is based on the knowledge produced by two research streams which are devoted to the study of international transfer of institutions, policies and legal rules : the policy transfer studies and law and the development studies. We propose a critic of these researches in the light of an empirical study of American judicial cooperation which was conducted in Bulgaria. We show that American assistance strategy involve a high degree of intrusiveness into Bulgarian domestic politics, polity and policies. The aim of this strategy is to improve the legitimacy of legal rules in societies where the mere idea of rule of law was discredited by decades of authoritarism and chaotic economic transition. In order to justify such interference, American experts promote measures which are simultaneously of political and technical nature, and try to build and manipulate (through the production of expert knowledge) coalitions of local and European actors who have a capacity to support the reform process.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 28, 2013 - 3:19:23 PM
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Thierry Delpeuch, Margarita Vassileva. Contribution à une sociologie politique des entrepreneurs internationaux de transferts de réformes judiciaires. Année Sociologique, Presses Universitaires de France, 2009, 59 (2), pp.371-402. ⟨halshs-00826913⟩

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