Social cohesion and innovation: increasing resilience

Abstract : At a time of crisis like the present it seems that the territories are even more vulnerable and fragile: emerging social issues, made of new poverty, new needs, a frayed social fabric and lack of social networks. This "syndrome of weakness" can be remedied only if the collective intelligence of an area fails to activate development policies for education and culture of legality, stimulating communities practices and investing in intangible factors of development (such as construction and socialization of new knowledge, social capital, good practices of a territorial intelligence). There are many different conditions in which these invisible factors are materialized, differentiating the performance of certain areas than others. It is so spoken about external economies; of benefits of cooperation in a context of stable and repeated relationships; of use of trust as the glue of a local division of labour; of community spirit in the relationships between economic operators who share the same vision of things and the same story; of increasing returns triggered by localized dynamic learning; of sharing knowledge, professional practices and rules of social behaviour in order to favour social and systemic innovation. This new paradigm - that sees social cohesion as a premise and not as a result of the development - should ensure the broadest participation of citizens in the decision making processes of governance and therefore the sustainable human development.
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Elvira Martini. Social cohesion and innovation: increasing resilience. International Conference of Territorial Intelligence "Vulnerabilities and Resilience between Local and Global". 4th - 7th 2012, Jun 2012, Salerno, Italy. ⟨halshs-00813909⟩

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