Anthracologie et espaces forestiers charbonnés. Quelques exemples dans la moitié orientale des Pyrénées.

Bernard Davasse 1, *
Abstract : The charcoal kilns are surviving remains of forestry exploitation by wood metal-working. These proto-industrial deposits can be found in the whole eastern Pyrenees. The anthracology method allows us to recreate the forest landscape in space and time. A specific methodology which applies both to the subject (charcoal kiln) and the problem (biogeography) has enabled us ti distinguish three levels of analysis. (i) The species. At the first level, the problem of the anatomic determination of scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) in the upper valleys of Ariege Pyrenees must be considered. (ii) The plant successions in the charcoal kilns spot which is an homogeneous space as much from a biogeographical point a view as from a topoclimatical one. (iii) The evolution of the forest landscape in a valley. It can be reconstituted thanks to the charcoal kilns distribution, the anthropology analysis and radiocarbon dates. The charcoal kilns study has been put into practices in eastern Pyrenees valleys : Vicdessos and Aston (Ariege, France). The results suggest a new interpretation a ecological organisation of vegetation which is a combination between natural processes and societies managements.
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Bernard Davasse. Anthracologie et espaces forestiers charbonnés. Quelques exemples dans la moitié orientale des Pyrénées.. Les charbons de bois, les anciens écosystèmes et le rôle de l'homme, Sep 1991, Montpellier, France. pp.597-608. ⟨halshs-00808718⟩

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