Simuler la baisse de fécondité en Inde

Abstract : In the second half of the twentieth century, the limitation of fertility became a real concern for developing countries. In fact, the fertility rate of the majority of the countries of the world decreased during that period. India will see a multitude of different policies applied on a local and regional scale. The decline of fertility observed since 1951 can be likened to a diffusion of innovation, the origin of which is the South of the country. The decision to have fewer children remains individual, although it can be influenced by various cultural and social criteria. Individual decisions at a micro scale are thus at the origin of a phenomenon of diffusion at a macro scale. To understand the phenomenon of diffusion from a local scale, it is advisable to situate oneself at an individual‐centered scale. The difficulty of observing behaviors based on hypotheses placed at an individual‐centered scale can be surmounted by the recourses to multi‐agent systems.
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Yoann Doignon, Sébastien Oliveau. Simuler la baisse de fécondité en Inde. Groupe Dupont - ESPACE. Actes du 18ème colloque Géopoint : les échelles pour les géographes et les autres, pp.93-99, 2012, 978-2-9029-0918-7. ⟨halshs-00806481⟩

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