Dictionnaires, théorie des graphes et structures lexicales

Abstract : A number of authors have proposed to describe lexical meaning using graphs as mathematical model, and, in particular, graphs of dictionaries. Most of the experiments however have focused on dictionaries of synonyms. In this paper we analyse graphs built from language dictionaries. Unlike dictionaries of synonyms, language dictionaries do not encode a single semantic relation, the synonymy, but semantic relations much more heterogeneous, and are therefore difficult to use. However, we show that graphs constructed on language dictionaries exhibit remarkable semantic properties in the semantic framework of onomasiology. We insist on taking into account the properties of these dictionaries and propose a contrastive analysis of several graphs.
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Sylvain Loiseau, Philippe Gréa, Jean-Philippe Magué. Dictionnaires, théorie des graphes et structures lexicales. Revue de Sémantique et Pragmatique, Presses de l'Université d'Orléans, 2011, pp.51--78. ⟨halshs-00801694⟩

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