Y. Chevallard, Didactique pluridisciplinaire didactique fondamentale, Cours de licence consulté sur http, 2002.

Y. Chevallard, La didactique, dites-vous? Éducation et didactique, Varia, pp.139-148, 2010.
DOI : 10.4000/educationdidactique.771

URL : http://educationdidactique.revues.org/pdf/771

E. Danchin, L. Giraldeau, T. J. Valone, and R. H. Wagner, L???imitation dans le monde animal, Terrain, issue.44, pp.91-108, 2005.
DOI : 10.4000/terrain.2464

P. Dessus, Was ist Unterrichten? einige Grundvoraussetzungen f??r diese T??tigkeit, Revue fran??aise de p??dagogie, issue.164, pp.139-158, 2008.
DOI : 10.4000/rfp.2098

R. F. Ewer, The ???Instinct to Teach???, Nature, vol.20, issue.5194, p.698, 1969.
DOI : 10.1038/222698a0

D. Fragaszy, Making space for traditions, Evolutionary Anthropology: Issues, News, and Reviews, vol.111, issue.2, pp.61-70, 2003.
DOI : 10.1002/evan.10104

N. R. Franks and T. Richardson, Teaching in tandem-running ants, Nature, vol.81, issue.7073, pp.439-153, 2006.
DOI : 10.1038/439153a

D. Frye and M. Ziv, Teaching and learning as intentional activities, Theories of mind and teaching, 2002.

B. G. Galef, The question of animal culture, Human Nature, vol.149, issue.2, pp.157-178, 1992.
DOI : 10.1007/BF02692251

J. Goodall, Cultural elements in a chimpanzee community, Precultural primate behavior, pp.138-159, 1973.

C. M. Heyes, E. D. Ray, C. J. Mitchell, and T. Nokes, Stimulus Enhancement: Controls for Social Facilitation and Local Enhancement, Learning and Motivation, vol.31, issue.2, pp.31-83, 2000.
DOI : 10.1006/lmot.1999.1041

T. Humle, Ant Dipping in Chimpanzees: An Example of How Microecological Variables, Tool Use, and Culture Reflect the Cognitive Abilities of Chimpanzees, Cognitive development in chimpanzees, 2006.
DOI : 10.1007/4-431-30248-4_27

J. Itani and A. Nishimura, The study of infrahuman culture in Japan, Precultural primate behavior, pp.26-50, 1973.

A. C. Kruger and M. Tomasello, Cultural learning and learning culture The handbook of education and human development: new models of learning, teaching and schooling, pp.369-387, 1996.

M. Krützen, J. Mann, M. R. Heithaus, R. C. Connor, L. Bejder et al., Cultural transmission of tool use in bottlenose dolphins, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, pp.8939-8943, 2005.
DOI : 10.1073/pnas.0500232102

E. V. Lonsdorf, The development, acquisition and transmission of a tool-use skill in wild chimpanzees, Thèse de Doctorat, 2003.

E. V. Lonsdorf, What is the role of mothers in the acquisition of termite-fishing behaviors in wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii)?, Animal Cognition, vol.399, issue.1, pp.36-46, 2005.
DOI : 10.1007/s10071-005-0002-7

E. V. Lonsdorf, L. E. Eberly, and A. E. Pusey, Sex differences in learning in chimpanzees, Nature, vol.428, issue.6984, pp.428-715, 2004.
DOI : 10.1038/428715a

M. Mauss, Sociologie et anthropologie (12e éd, 2010.

W. C. Mcgrew, P. J. Baldwin, and C. E. Tutin, Diet of wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) at Mt. Assirik, Senegal: I. Composition, American Journal of Primatology, vol.24, issue.3, pp.213-226, 1988.
DOI : 10.1002/ajp.1350160304

J. S. Mill, A system of logic : ratiocinative and inductive; being a connected view of the principles of evidence and the methods of scientific investigation. London: Longman. Consulté sur http, 1872.

K. Millon-fauré, Un phénomène d'oubli au début du collège chez les élèves migrants: source de difficulté pour les apprentissages? Petit x, pp.5-26, 2010.

D. R. Olson and J. S. Bruner, Folk psychology and folk pedagogy The handbook of education and human development: new models of learning, teaching and schooling, pp.9-27, 1996.

A. Pearson, The Teacher: Theory and Practice in Teacher Education Routledge, 1989.

S. Perry, M. Baker, L. Fedigan, J. Gros-louis, C. Jack et al., Social Conventions in Wild White???faced Capuchin Monkeys, Current Anthropology, vol.44, issue.2, pp.241-268, 2003.
DOI : 10.1086/345825

D. J. Povinelli and J. Vonk, Chimpanzee minds: suspiciously human?, Trends in Cognitive Sciences, vol.7, issue.4, pp.157-160, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S1364-6613(03)00053-6

URL : http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=

D. Premack and G. Woodruff, Does the chimpanzee have a theory of mind?, Behavioral and Brain Sciences, vol.1, issue.04, pp.515-526, 1978.
DOI : 10.1126/science.705342

N. J. Raihani and A. R. Ridley, Experimental evidence for teaching in wild pied babblers, Animal Behaviour, vol.75, issue.1, pp.3-11, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.anbehav.2007.07.024

L. G. Rapaport, Parenting Behaviour: Babbling Bird Teachers?, Current Biology, vol.16, issue.17, pp.675-677, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.cub.2006.08.012

URL : http://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2006.08.012

L. Rendell and H. Whitehead, Culture in whales and dolphins, Behavioral and Brain Sciences, vol.24, issue.02, pp.309-324, 2001.
DOI : 10.1017/S0140525X0100396X

C. P. Van-schaik, M. Ancrenaz, G. Borgen, B. Galdikas, C. D. Knott et al., Orangutan Cultures and the Evolution of, Material Culture. Science, issue.5603, pp.299-102, 2003.

G. Sensevy and A. Mercier, Agir ensemble : L'action didactique conjointe du professeur et des élèves, 2007.

K. W. Spence, Experimental studies of learning and the higher mental processes in infra-human primates., Psychological Bulletin, vol.34, issue.10, pp.806-850, 1937.
DOI : 10.1037/h0061498

A. Thornton and K. Mcauliffe, Teaching in Wild Meerkats, Science, vol.313, issue.5784, pp.313-227, 2006.
DOI : 10.1126/science.1128727

A. Thornton and N. J. Raihani, The evolution of teaching, Animal Behaviour, vol.75, issue.6, pp.1823-1836, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.anbehav.2007.12.014

A. Thornton, J. Samson, and T. Clutton-brock, Multi-generational persistence of traditions in neighbouring meerkat groups, Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol.399, issue.6737, pp.277-3623, 1700.
DOI : 10.1038/21415

M. Tomasello, Cultural transmission in the tool use and communicatory signalling of chimpanzees?, « Language » and intelligence in monkeys and apes: Comparative developmental perspectives, pp.274-311, 1990.

M. Tomasello, A. C. Kruger, and H. H. Ratner, Cultural learning, Behavioral and Brain Sciences, vol.42, issue.03, pp.495-552, 1993.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1468-0017.1992.tb00200.x

M. Tomasello, The Human Adaptation for Culture, Annual Review of Anthropology, vol.28, issue.1, pp.509-529, 1999.
DOI : 10.1146/annurev.anthro.28.1.509

M. Tomasello and J. Call, Primate Cognition (1ère éd.), 1997.

M. Tomasello and M. Carpenter, Shared intentionality, Developmental Science, vol.77, issue.4, pp.121-125, 2007.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1467-7687.2007.00573.x

M. Tomasello and E. Herrmann, Ape and Human Cognition, Current Directions in Psychological Science, vol.362, issue.1, pp.3-8, 2010.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2006.00895.x

A. Whiten, J. Goodall, W. C. Mcgrew, T. Nishida, V. Reynolds et al., The Cultures of Chimpanzees, Scientific American, vol.284, issue.1, pp.399-682, 1999.
DOI : 10.1038/scientificamerican0101-60

A. Whiten, Primate Culture and Social Learning, Cognitive Science, vol.21, issue.24, pp.477-508, 2000.
DOI : 10.1207/s15516709cog2403_6