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Abstract : In philosophy, materialism is most often taken as a metaphysical thesis according to which everything that exists is matter or results from matter (including life and consciousness); this thesis offers a monist ontology that typically contrasts with idealism, dualism, and vitalism. Materialism also refers to an ethical doctrine according to which the material well-being (including wealth, health or pleasure) is to be sought after. In social sciences, historical materialism is the Marxian thesis that historical and social phenomena are determined by economic facts; it is a particular case of dialectical materialism that construes the universe as a whole within which objects cannot be understood in isolation of one another.
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Contributor : Christophe Malaterre <>
Submitted on : Thursday, February 21, 2013 - 2:02:30 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 22, 2020 - 3:50:33 AM


  • HAL Id : halshs-00792355, version 1


Christophe Malaterre. Materialism. Gargaud, Muriel. Encyclopedia of Astrobiology, Springer, pp.1444-0, 2011. ⟨halshs-00792355⟩



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