Le tribunal comme lieu de savoir et de pouvoir : le rôle de l'expertise médico-légale dans l'émergence de la psychopathologie de la sexualité

Abstract : This essay fits in with the still topical problematics raised by Michel Foucault in his works related to the history of sexuality and abnormality. The sexual norm has been defined in the XIXth century as a medical norm following the criteria of healthy and pathological, normal and perverse. Foucault specifically addresses the issue of the effects of knowledge on powers. This essay suggests a correlative but as crucial question: what are the effects of specific mecha- nisms of power on the development of knowledge? Thus this reflection seeks to point out the central function of forensic psychiatric expertise on the psychopathology of sexuality development in the second part of XIXth century. Homosexuality was the focal perversion for psychiatry of sexual aberrations. But specific juridical and judicial condi- tions, including practice of forensic psychiatric expertise, have drawn, through their effects, the psychiatric knowledge scene and at the same time the sexual norm it searched to define. To look back on this historical moment has then another objective: to question the mechanisms of norm construction, across science, society, and politics.
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Julie Mazaleigue-Labaste. Le tribunal comme lieu de savoir et de pouvoir : le rôle de l'expertise médico-légale dans l'émergence de la psychopathologie de la sexualité. La Lettre du Psychiatre, 2007, III (8), pp.49-54. ⟨halshs-00780013⟩

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