Modélisation des objets historiques selon la fonction, l'espace et le temps pour l'étude des dynamiques urbaines dans la longue durée

Abstract : The proposed principle for understanding the urban fabric is based on considering the town as a set of complex objects, taking a systemic approach. The town system used to study the urban fabric over large time spans is composed of three sub-systems relating to historical objects from the level of the excavation to that of the former urban space: function (social use), space (location, surface area and morphology) and time (dating, duration and chronology). The historical object is the analytical unit of the space studied. The purposed model allows urban changes to be observed. The originality of this procedure lies in its approach whereby it is possible to start not from the mapping of a phenomenon at a time t1 and comparing it to that at a time t2, but to look at it in the same way whether its input is social use, space or time. The heuristic value of this modelling lies in the shift from description (what, where, when) to understanding the phenomena of change (how, why).
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Xavier Rodier, Laure Saligny. Modélisation des objets historiques selon la fonction, l'espace et le temps pour l'étude des dynamiques urbaines dans la longue durée . Cybergeo : Revue européenne de géographie / European journal of geography, UMR 8504 Géographie-cités, 2010, Systèmes, Modélisation, Géostatistiques = Systems, Modelling, Geostatistics = Sistemas, Modelística, Geoestadísticas, http://cybergeo.revues.org/23175. ⟨http://cybergeo.revues.org/⟩. ⟨halshs-00777988⟩

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