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Entrer en militantisme par les associations. : L'engagement associatif dans les trajectoires militantes féminines

Abstract : In France, women are as likely as men to participate in voluntary associations, but less likely to participate in political parties or in trade unions. This paper, based on a study of three voluntary associations, proposes some hypotheses to explain women's preference for associations. An analysis of the career paths within activism of 51 men and women shows some gendered processes in these paths. Almost all the men were engaged in activism through a political party or a trade union group; in contrast, most of the women preferred to become involved in an association. Furthermore, even after significant experience within an association, women tend to avoid participating in political parties. Interviews with association activists show that this can be partially explained by the gendered representations of politics and the gendered self-assessment of political competence. Moreover, gendered socialisation within associations, in particular the sexual division of labour, also tends to discourage women from entering political parties.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00772772
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Submitted on : Friday, January 11, 2013 - 10:26:35 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 25, 2022 - 6:56:03 PM

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Sophie Rétif. Entrer en militantisme par les associations. : L'engagement associatif dans les trajectoires militantes féminines. Modern & Contemporary France, 2010, 18 (4), pp.415-429. ⟨10.1080/09639489.2010.516514⟩. ⟨halshs-00772772⟩

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