Révolutionner l'opinion touarègue : les stratégies novatrices de Kawsen contre la colonisation du Sahara (début du XXe siècle)

Abstract : At the beginning of the twentieth century, the large political centers in the Tuareg regions in the central Sahara were conquered by the French colonial military forces and their allies. Out of this defeat, a new resistance movement emerged as well as a new way of constructing society. Kawsen, a nobleman and revolutionary leader, directed these movements. From 1916 to 1918, he led an armed uprising in the Aïr (in the north of today's Niger) among the Tuareg, an uprising which he had prepared while in exile for over fifteenyears. He established guerilla military strategies and he recruited fightersfromall social categories which signifiedatransformationinpoliticalandsocialthoughtforTuaregsociety. In order to convince Tuareg opinion to move towards these changes and indeed, to revolutionize opinion, Kawsen intervened in several different sectors such as in the realm of military action, theatre representations, correspondence, speeches, poetry, etc., resulting in an upheaval of social roles, especially concerning the political and military organization of Tuareg society. These changes left a permanent trace in Tuareg life and created new values.
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Hélène Claudot-Hawad. Révolutionner l'opinion touarègue : les stratégies novatrices de Kawsen contre la colonisation du Sahara (début du XXe siècle). Oriental Archive - Archiv Orientalni­, Oriental Institute (Prague), 2012, 80 (2), pp.243-258. ⟨halshs-00761000⟩

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