Indigenous Struggles and Water Policies in New Caledonia

Abstract : Following the struggles of the 1980s, the Matignon and Nouméa Agreements profoundly transformed the issue of decolonization in New Caledonia. Although most decision-making powers will be controlled by the collegial local Government in 2014, there is no guarantee that the 'Republic of Kanaky' will become a tangible reality after the referendum. However, the principle of Kanak sovereignty has already been asserted in the Nouméa Agreement, through recognition of Kanak identity within a broader Caledonian citizenship - which may become full nationality after 2014. In this context, as New Caledonia engaged in this progressive decolonization process, two distinct political Kanak strategies have emerged in recent years. The paper addresses the cleavages that have emerged between pro-independence and 'indigenous' Kanak activists, through an ethnographic description of this phenomenon on a local scale, namely a political conflict concerning a water conveyance project in the Northern Province.
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Contributor : Benoît Trépied <>
Submitted on : Thursday, November 22, 2012 - 7:14:44 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, December 3, 2019 - 1:39:21 AM


  • HAL Id : halshs-00756352, version 1



Benoît Trépied. Indigenous Struggles and Water Policies in New Caledonia. Social Identities. Journal for the Study of Race, Nation and Culture, 2012, 18 (4), pp.465-479. ⟨halshs-00756352⟩



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