Le marqueur de négation ná en gbaya

Abstract : The Gbaya kara, an Ubangian language spoken in the north-west of Central African Republic and in the central east part of Cameroon, is an SVO order language with very little morphology. This study which concerns the gbaya 'bodoe dialect spoken in Central African Republic is based on a corpus of spontaneous oral texts collected in the field between 1971 and 2011. This language has an only one negative word, the morphem ná which is a verbal specifier. It was reconstructed in proto-gbaya showing its great stability throughout gbaya-manza-ngbaka group (Monino , 1995). This negative word which is always placed after the verb is postpone after all the complements and adverbs if there are some and then occurs clause-finally. It can then be followed by three types of morphems : (i) a sentence modifier with an epistemic value, (ii) two adverbs, a restrictive one and an additive one and (iii) the interrogative word which occurs clause-finally. I will examine the range of the uses of the negative and will show the essential role of the 'potential verb' to add negation to a non-verbal term. Finally, focusing on its possible use as a discourse relator I will question its possible etymology.
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Paulette Roulon-Doko. Le marqueur de négation ná en gbaya. WOCAL 7 7ème World Congress of African Linguistics, Aug 2012, Buea, Cameroun. ⟨halshs-00745215⟩

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