DISCRIMINATIONS A L'EMBAUCHE DES JEUNES FRANCILIENS ET INTERSECTIONALITE DU SEXE ET DE L'ORIGINE: LES RESULTATS D'UN TESTING

Abstract : Discrimination in hiring against certain demographic subgroups can be an explanatory factor of the high levels of unemployment in those groups. The present study proposes an evaluation of the cross effects of gender and ethnic origin on the access to employment of fictitious candidates with identical productive characteristics. This study is based on our own experimental data obtained by the paired testing method. We made up 8 fictitious job applications from young graduates with a master's degree in computing, and sent them simultaneously to the same 303 job offers between the beginning of February and the beginning of April 2009. The only differences between these fictitious candidates were their sex and their ethnic origin, as signalled by their first and last names (French, Senegalese, Moroccan and Vietnamese). We find a significant hiring discrimination both by gender and origin. Whatever their origin, women have a lower probability to access a job interview than men. Whatever their sex, the French of foreign origin have a lower probability to access a job interview. This is true for all profiles with one exception: women of Asian origin. They have a higher probability than other women to be invited to an interview and they also have a higher probability than men of Asian origin to find work. We propose an interpretation based on occupational stereotypes.
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Pascale Petit, Emmanuel Duguet, Yannick l'Horty, Loic Du Parquet, Florent Sari. DISCRIMINATIONS A L'EMBAUCHE DES JEUNES FRANCILIENS ET INTERSECTIONALITE DU SEXE ET DE L'ORIGINE: LES RESULTATS D'UN TESTING. 2011. ⟨halshs-00744923⟩

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