Une pensée visuelle originale : le décor peint de l'église de Saint-Macaire (fin du XIIIe siècle)

Cécile Voyer 1, *
* Corresponding author
1 Signes, formes et représentations
CESCM - Centre d'Etudes Supérieures de Civilisation médiévale
Abstract : The images painted at the end of the twelfth century on the chevet of the church of Saint Sauveur (of the monastery of Saint Macaire, in the Gironde) are exceptional in that they witness to the culmination of a reflexion on the concepts of Time and History which little by little achieved graphical expression. This reflexion is associated for the most part with urban intellectual centres from the end of the twelfth century onwards; it sought to understand God's creation, attempting to approach its mystery through History. At the outset, it found expression in pedagogical manuals which were diffused widely throughout the thirteenth century. At Saint Macaire, this reflexion manifests itself most unusually and, as far as I know, uniquely, in a monumental decorative scheme associated with liturgical celebration. Three mandorlas protrude from the red background of the absidal conch as if they were apparitions. The central mandorla, surrounded by the symbols of the four evangelists and by four music-playing angels, holds the other two representations, that of the vision of the Lamb on the altar holding the Book of the seven seals (Apoc. 5-, and an image which is evocative of the end of Time. The unveiling of God's plans through History and through Time is here intimately associated with the sacred Time of ritual, the nexus of all Time scales.
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Submitted on : Monday, October 22, 2012 - 10:49:09 AM
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Cécile Voyer. Une pensée visuelle originale : le décor peint de l'église de Saint-Macaire (fin du XIIIe siècle). Cahiers de Civilisation Médiévale, C.E.S.C.M, 2012, 55 (219), pp.263-278. ⟨halshs-00744006⟩



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