Les revendications paysannes collectives dans le Midi portugais (1275-1385)

Abstract : In the South of Portugal, the study of peasant claims reveals strong particularities, both historically and from a documentary point of view: The rural communities (organized in municipal concelhos) were born from a convergence of interests uniting the colonists and the legal authorities. Up to around 1250, conflicts were solved through customary negociations which left few explicit references. Later, seignorial control was strengthened for financial reasons, and conflicting claims were translated into legal proceedings. It becomes possible to observe the communities in more details. They turn out to be still largely homogeneous (in spite of a clear trend toward political oligarchy and land concentration), hence their continued combativity ; but they were increasingly compelled to insert themselves within a monarchic system in order to defend their interests.
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Stéphane Boissellier. Les revendications paysannes collectives dans le Midi portugais (1275-1385). Histoire et sociétés rurales, Association d'histoire des sociétés rurales/Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 2001, 15 (1), pp.165-192. ⟨halshs-00734263⟩



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