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Le rôle de la fréquence fondamentale et des fréquences de résonance dans la perception du genre

Abstract : As the gendered voice is one of the various social practices through which gender identities are performatively constituted, what roles do fundamental frequency (F0) and resonance frequencies (RF) play ? To answer this question, two experiments have been conducted. During the first experiment, 42 sentences created by diphone synthesis, forming 6 continua with variations in mean F0, have been presented to 14 evaluators who had to categorize the speaker of each sentence as woman or man. The results showed that in 91 % of the judgements, change in mean F0 did not cause a change in gender categorization. In the second experiment, 645 resynthesized sentences, forming 45 continua with F0 and RF variations, have been presented to 22 evaluators who had to categorize the speakers as women or men and evaluate their degree of femininity/masculinity. The experiment showed that there are significant correlations between: (1) RF variation and woman/men categorization, (2) RF variation and judgments about degree of femininity/masculinity in a woman's voice, (3) RF variation and judgments about degree of femininity/masculinity in a man's voice, (4) F0 variation and judgments about degree of femininity/masculinity in man's voice.
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Submitted on : Monday, August 13, 2012 - 1:49:09 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 27, 2021 - 2:41:19 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, November 14, 2012 - 2:30:45 AM

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Aron Arnold. Le rôle de la fréquence fondamentale et des fréquences de résonance dans la perception du genre. Travaux Interdisciplinaires du Laboratoire Parole et Langage d'Aix-en-Provence (TIPA), Laboratoire Parole et Langage, 2012, pp.1-18. ⟨halshs-00723731⟩

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