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" QUAN DONAR NOM ÉS DESITJAR " : L'EXEMPLE DELS ELOGIS D'INFANT EN ELS ZARMA DE NÍGER

Abstract : When naming means wishing : the case of children's praises This article focuses on a specific discursive genre among the Zarma of Niger called ize zamu or children's praises ; a genre belonging to the feminine oral tradition. Mothers praise their children in the form of poems in which they express their attachment to their child by linking them to one or several famous homonyms. These poems thus evoke role-models and reflect what mothers wish for their children. In brief, I will explore, on the one side, what is at the centre of this genre, i.e the name, and on the other what these language games enable : the expression of the mother's attachment to her child, a forbidden attitude that this genre is the sole means of circumventing ; an expression of attachment which turns into the mother's wish for her child's future. Naming, language games and performativity are thus the three aspects of the child's praise enabling the mothers to reach their objective. This is what I will show while focusing on a specific instance of praise, addressed to a child named Boubakar.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00721606
Contributor : Sandra Bornand <>
Submitted on : Saturday, July 28, 2012 - 4:27:13 PM
Last modification on : Friday, March 27, 2020 - 3:20:18 AM

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  • HAL Id : halshs-00721606, version 1

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Sandra Bornand. " QUAN DONAR NOM ÉS DESITJAR " : L'EXEMPLE DELS ELOGIS D'INFANT EN ELS ZARMA DE NÍGER. QUADERNS DE L'ICA, 2012, pp.1-18. ⟨halshs-00721606⟩

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