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Les quarantaines au Moyen-Orient : vecteurs ambigus de la modernité médicale (XIXe-XXe siècles)

Abstract : From the 15th century, in Europe, quarantines participated in the fundation of a collective management of health. From the second part of the 19th, quarantines was henceforth considered obsolete and detrimental to the commercial shipping. After being hitherto a national problem, quarantines became an international issue. The work of a serie of international sanitary conferences led to its transfert on the south shore of the Mediterranean. The new device was firt of all intended to the Mecca pilgrims who were considered as the more dangerous group concerning the spread of diseases. During their sacred journey, pilgrims were confined, for a longer or shorter time, depending of the sanitary status of the Hejaz, in two huge lazarettos established at the entrance and exit of the Red Sea. There, they were subject to health measures wich, in spite of their coercive nature, introduced them to modern medicine wich was still not widespread in their own country. It was not against the medical procedures that resistance was expressed but against the very principle of confinement, against malfunctions and lack of respect for individuals.
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Contributor : Sylvia Chiffoleau <>
Submitted on : Saturday, July 21, 2012 - 5:41:34 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 11, 2018 - 6:22:19 AM
Document(s) archivé(s) le : Monday, October 22, 2012 - 2:20:43 AM


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  • HAL Id : halshs-00719862, version 1



Sylvia Chiffoleau. Les quarantaines au Moyen-Orient : vecteurs ambigus de la modernité médicale (XIXe-XXe siècles). Modernity and Modernization of Medicine in the Ottoman Empire and the Near East from the 19th Century onwards., Dec 2004, Istanbul, Turquie. pp.140-155. ⟨halshs-00719862⟩



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