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Autisme, handicap et mouvements sociaux

Abstract : At the international level, the study of the historical dynamics of the mobilization of the autistic persons' organizations shows that they refuse the representation of autism as a disease. Generally, the activist movements define autism as another mode of functioning, and stress the positive and creative features associated with neurodiversity. The study of the French case puts other views in evidence. Thus, the members of the French-speaking association, Satedi, have accepted the handicap notion and cooperation with the public authorities. Whereas the international movement is a social movement against the medical model of autism, the French-speaking association attempts to help autistic persons and their families. The French system is characterized by a partnership between the State and the associations of parents, and its historical and cultural context, in particular the opposition to communitarianism. These factors do not appear to favour the development of radical demands in the field of disability.
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Contributor : Brigitte Chamak <>
Submitted on : Friday, July 13, 2012 - 3:16:31 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, April 10, 2021 - 2:24:02 PM

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Brigitte Chamak. Autisme, handicap et mouvements sociaux. Alter, 2010, 4, pp.103-115. ⟨10.1016/j.alter.2010.02.001⟩. ⟨halshs-00717745⟩



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