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Être minoritaire, être majoritaire. Émancipation nationale et marginalités dans le sionisme

Abstract : The Jew is unique and "naturally national" on condition to recover his language and his earth, assert the first theoreticians of Zionism. At the end of the XIXth century, while the European Jewish population endures the development of nationalisms rejecting the minorities, those thinkers reproduce in their national thought a same fear of the difference. Their project in theory auto exclusive constitute, in facts, a new attempt to achieve an assimilation to the western societies. To be civilized and thus integrated, the Jews must endow themselves a nation. Therefore, all those who didn't demonstrate a national necessity, must be guided by their western "brothers" to recover their lost statute. The diversities between the various jewish diasporas are only discerned as exile slags which have to be expurgated. These conceptions triumph with the theory of the Israeli crucible, instrument of domination for the Ashkenazi elites, heiresses of the zionism founders. In spite of some criticals, the idea of cultural minority within the Israeli society remained a wager.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00706731
Contributor : Vincent Vilmain <>
Submitted on : Monday, June 11, 2012 - 2:29:10 PM
Last modification on : Friday, September 18, 2020 - 2:34:18 PM

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Vincent Vilmain. Être minoritaire, être majoritaire. Émancipation nationale et marginalités dans le sionisme. L'Histoire des minorités est-elle une histoire marginale ?, Presses de l'Université Paris-Sorbonne, pp.147-160, 2008. ⟨halshs-00706731⟩

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