Les panthères de Timothée de Gaza dans l'encyclopédie zoologique de Constantin VII

Abstract : Timotheus of Gaza's panthers in the zoological encyclopaedia of Constantine VII This paper deals with the transmission of the lost zoological work of Timotheus of Gaza (end of the 5th century, beginning of the 6th century AD), of which some passages have been preserved in a zoological Byzantine compilation, the Sylloge Constantini, dating from the 10th century, and of which we study the paragraphs 260-282. These extracts describe several species of panthers (pardalis, leopardos, panther) and the giraffe (kamelopardalis), in a context of hybridization between different species, producing crossbreed mixture animals. This paper attempts to identify lost Timotheus' excerpts, relying on their compilation by the Arabic author Marwazī (12th century), which gives, about the giraffe, further information missing in the Sylloge and in the Byzantine Timotheus' epitome written in the 11th century. Throughout the study of these different extracts, the paper investigates the mediaeval reception of the presumed hybridity of some exotic species and the identification and the distinctness between cheetah, panther and leopard in the Greek world.
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Thierry Buquet. Les panthères de Timothée de Gaza dans l'encyclopédie zoologique de Constantin VII. Rursus - Poiétique, réception et réécriture des textes antiques, Université Nice-Sophia Antipolis, 2012, 7 (L'encyclopédie zoologique de Constantin VII), pp.[En ligne]. ⟨10.4000/rursus.971⟩. ⟨halshs-00692436⟩

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