Considérations sur les morphèmes hamē, -ē et bi- à l'aune d'un texte persan du XIe siècle de notre ère, le Tārīx-i Sīstān

Abstract : The Early New Persian grammatical morphemes hamē, -ē and bi- are traditionally analysed as follows: hamē as a durative or repetitive verbal particle; -ē as a suffix (or enclitic) for habit and hypothesis; bi- as a prefix, marker of perfective aspect, or at least of emphasis. However a close analysis of the Tārīkh-i Sīstān proves that there are other uses, which can even contradict these habitual theories. Thus hamē also expresses, it could even be said mostly expresses, concomitance. For -ē, the meaning of habit can also be used to name and to define properties of places or people. And bi- is a marker of rhematicity, and not of a semelfactive and punctual action. Keywords: Early New Persian; hamē; -ē; bi-; verbal system; aspect.
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Contributor : Agnès Lenepveu-Hotz <>
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Agnès Lenepveu-Hotz. Considérations sur les morphèmes hamē, -ē et bi- à l'aune d'un texte persan du XIe siècle de notre ère, le Tārīx-i Sīstān. Studia Iranica, Peeters Publishers, 2008, 37 (2), pp.215-240. ⟨halshs-00683033⟩

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