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Le polycentrisme dans l'Islam médiéval : les dynamiques régionales de l'innovation

Abstract : The first part of the volume, edited by Annliese Nef (Paris Sorbonne - IUF - UMR 8167 " Orient et Méditerranée ") and Mathieu Tillier (IFPO, Beyrouth), includes ten articles (eight in French, two in English) and an introduction dealing with the theme of "Polycentrism in Medieval Islam: the regional dynamics of innovation". The creation of an Islamic State went hand in hand with the construction of an empire which is too often seen as a grouping of provinces centralised around a capital and following its impulses. This imperial conception is still valid after the tenth century CE, when several regional units (al-Andalus, the Fatimid zone of influence, the remains of the Abbassid empire) aimed at this Islamic centrality. In reality, a great number of centres already existed since the time of the single caliphate under the Umayyads and the first Abbasids. These centres exercised cultural, economical, religious or political influence and attraction over large areas, and formed in many ways places of innovation and of dissemination. The existence of these centres does not contradict our knowledge of other, centralising, dynamics at work within the Islamic world, but rather complements it. This issue thus addresses innovation within an imperial context, as a phenomenon connecting centres of variable natures and sizes.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 14, 2012 - 10:38:05 AM
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Mathieu Tillier, Annliese Nef. Le polycentrisme dans l'Islam médiéval : les dynamiques régionales de l'innovation. Institut français du Proche-Orient, pp.256, 2011. ⟨halshs-00678869⟩



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