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Comparaison et ordre des mots en hongrois

Abstract : In human languages, the ways to express comparison are language specific and these are far from being entirely and correctly described. Beyond the analysis of the proprieties of the comparative structures themselves, obviously these are to be considered jointly with other typical properties of the language under study. Be the comparison about quantity or quality the question is usually raised concerning the categories concerned by such a process. The nominal category, in its broad meaning, seems mainly concerned by comparison about quantity, while the verbal one is rather assigned to comparison about quality. In some descriptive books, it is often mentionned that some types of adjectives are ruled out from the process of comparison. The parameter of comparison is heavily dependent on morphology in hungarian. How is marked the comparative standard in a comparison? In hungarian, one interesting situation arises with the comparative of superiority. In that case, we find two ways of introducing it. One is achieved by the use of the adessive case -nál/-nél while the other is realized by using the conjonction mint. In the litterature, no overt argument is really given to explain the use of one or the other. No one seems to have noticed that the order of phrases in the sentence of hungarian might be at stake. This criterion of the order of clauses inside the sentence may also prove to be a suitable hypothesis for analysing the comparative correlative construction annál... minél.
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Contributor : Marie-Josephe Gouesse Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, February 17, 2012 - 12:27:00 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 17, 2022 - 10:08:39 AM


  • HAL Id : halshs-00671381, version 1



Marie-Josephe Gouesse. Comparaison et ordre des mots en hongrois. Études finno-ougriennes, Presses de l'Inalco, 2008, pp.137-159. ⟨halshs-00671381⟩



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