Un service public sans Etat ? Un aperçu de la sphère des "transports publics" en Cisjordanie

Abstract : The sphere of public transportations in the Occupied Palestinian Territories is traditionally supported by private (often familial) companies. This chapter provides an overview of the sphere of "public transport" in the West Bank: namely, the paid services provided to Palestinians in order to move from one place to another. This sphere is nowadays constituted by buses, collective and private taxis. In this chapter, I show that the situation of hyper-competition today faced by these sectors is the heritage of the historical organization of the sphere since the Ottoman Empire, following several regimes: the British Mandate, the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and the Israeli occupation. After its arrival in 1994, the Palestinian Authority was not able to implement a major renovation of the sphere of public transportations and had to deal with the existing situation, in the context of the strong limitation of its powers and of political instability due to the persistence of Israeli occupation. I describe the successive adjustments made by the Palestinian Authority to this moving situation, as well as the difficulties and practices of adaptation of the actors of the sphere (bus drivers and taxi).
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Véronique Bontemps. Un service public sans Etat ? Un aperçu de la sphère des "transports publics" en Cisjordanie. 2011. ⟨halshs-00656411⟩

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