Le guépard médiéval, ou comment reconnaître un animal sans nom

Abstract : The cheetah was trained for hunting in Indo-Iranian and Arabic civilizations for millenaries. As it was well-known and identified in these cultural areas, the cheetah was in Western parts more uncertain, and difficult to repair in mediaeval sources. "Guépard" is a name only present in French in 17th century. He did not possess a proper name et had the same zoonym as the panther : "leopard". In pictures, it's sometimes difficult to identify both animals. This paper tries to explain all these confusions, and gives some elements to help to identify this nameless animal in texts and pictures. The paper brings indications about literary or documentary context, mainly at the end of the Middle Ages, where the cheetah was part of royal hunting crews, like in Italy, as noble as the falcon, a luxury and prestigious exotic object.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00655131
Contributor : Thierry Buquet <>
Submitted on : Monday, December 26, 2011 - 5:28:56 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 17, 2019 - 2:38:59 AM
Long-term archiving on : Monday, November 19, 2012 - 11:51:07 AM

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Thierry Buquet. Le guépard médiéval, ou comment reconnaître un animal sans nom. Reinardus, John Benjamins Publishing, 2011, 23, pp.12-47. ⟨10.1075/rein.23.02buq⟩. ⟨halshs-00655131⟩

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