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L'occupation humaine de l'abri Pataud (Les Eyzies-de-Tayac, Dordogne) il y a 22 000 ans : problématique et résultats préliminaires des fouilles du niveau 2

Abstract : In this paper, we present the first elements of response to the question: "What is the status of the human remains in the Final Gravettian Level (Level 2) at Abri Pataud?" In 2005, more than forty years after the excavations of H. L. Movius, a new project concerning level 2 was initiated at Abri Pataud. This project was conceived according to three simultaneous and complementary approaches: 1) a detailed analysis of archives; 2) a study of the Movius collections; 3) a new excavation with both archaeological and geoarchaeological objectives. The initial results of the 2005 and 2006 excavations have confirmed that we can indeed appreciably improve our understanding of this archaeological level. Certain elements, such as the presence of very small backed bladelets, already permit us to more precisely define the originality of this culture. A first approach to the human remains (more than 250, MNI=6) led us to consider the hypothesis of a "disturbed primary burial". This hypothesis is confirmed by preliminary results concerning the significant assemblage of "particular artefacts" associated with the human remains, most notably mammoth ivory beads.
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R. Nespoulet, Laurent Chiotti, Dominique Gambier, Safia Agsous, Arnaud Lenoble, et al.. L'occupation humaine de l'abri Pataud (Les Eyzies-de-Tayac, Dordogne) il y a 22 000 ans : problématique et résultats préliminaires des fouilles du niveau 2. Les sociétés paléolithiques dans un grand Sud-ouest : nouveaux gisements, nouveaux résultats, nouvelles méthodes. Actes des journées de la Société préhistorique française, Talence, 24 et 25 novembre 2006, Nov 2006, Bordeaux, France. pp.325-334. ⟨halshs-00652272⟩

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