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Écrire en aveugle. Jean de Roquetaillade ou la dissidence par l'obéissance

Abstract : It is generally considered that the actions of John XXII mark a turning point in the assertion of papal authority. Never before had a pontifical sovereign personally exerted such doctrinal control, extending into the field of academic production. However, one can argue that the actual watershed took place a little bit earlier. Already in the first decades of the 14th century, theologians acquired the habit of subjecting their works to the judgement of the Apostolic see. These precautionary measures seem to have become widespread in the 1310s. It is remarkable that the experts intervening in doctrinal trials express themselves in a similar way. This turning point can be described as a criminalization of thought: from this moment on intellectuals render themselves liable to penal prosecution because of their opinions. A recently identified treatise (Sexdequiloquium) proves that in 1352 the Franciscan Jean de Roquetaillade, being imprisoned in Avignon, was forced to explain himself in the face of the criticism that Francis of Meyronnes had directed against Peter John Olivi's Lectura super Apocalipsim. In the absence of the decree of condemnation by John XXII, which was apparently lost by that time, Roquetaillade proceeds in defending positions identical to those of Olivi, while abandoning some of his more imprudent statements. His final profession of faith, in which he retracts everything he could have said or could say against any past, but lost, or future papal decrees, expresses the provisory character of theological reasoning in the 14th century, the deductions of which obtain a status of truth only when confirmed by dogmatic authority.
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Contributor : Sylvain Piron <>
Submitted on : Monday, December 12, 2011 - 9:32:16 PM
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Sylvain Piron. Écrire en aveugle. Jean de Roquetaillade ou la dissidence par l'obéissance. Gian Luca Potestà. Autorität und Wahrheit. Kirchliche Vorstellungen, Normen und Verfahren (13.-13. Jahrhundert), Oldenbourg, pp.91-111, 2012, Schriften des Historischen Kolleg. ⟨halshs-00651128⟩



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