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Article ou mémoire? : Une réflexion comparative sur l'écriture des textes scientifiques. Navier et l'écoulement des fluides (1822-1827)

Abstract : The aim of this paper is to explore the writing of scientific texts by using a comparative method. By choosing two very similar texts by the same author on the same subject (in this case two texts by Navier on the flow of fluids), it is possible to highlight variations in the phrasing, structure, and purpose of the texts. These differences have been related to the style of the journals in which they were published. However, a close reading shows that the key element is the relationship between theory and experiment which structures the argument. Navier's argumentative style can be seen to be taking part in a shift towards a 'rhetoric of exactitude', which emerges at the end of the 18thcentury. By giving prominence to the theory or the experiment, Navier is able to assign the cause of their incompatibility to the shortcomings at one or the other level, and to expect final agreement when these are corrected.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00645464
Contributor : Frédéric Graber <>
Submitted on : Monday, November 28, 2011 - 10:30:04 AM
Last modification on : Friday, December 11, 2020 - 2:38:02 PM

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Frédéric Graber. Article ou mémoire? : Une réflexion comparative sur l'écriture des textes scientifiques. Navier et l'écoulement des fluides (1822-1827). Revue d'Histoire des Mathématiques, Society Math De France, 2004, 10 (2), pp.141-185. ⟨halshs-00645464⟩

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