La focalisation

Abstract : In this article the notions of old or presupposed vs. new information have been discarded for the definition of focus. We have stressed the necessity to articulate focus and assertion. Focussing can be defined as asserting the identification of the item which is focussed, while the predicate is outside the scope of assertion, considered by the speaker as a preconstruct, which already has its own enunciative frame. Focussing means that predication and assertion are distint. The exponents of focussing were then explored: syntactic position (clause-initial, internal or final); identifying morpheme, specific TAM's. In the semantic study, it has been shown that the notion of contrast cannot alone account for the variety of referential values associated with focussing. Contrast accounts for some of the referential values of topicalisation too, and a good number of the the referential values associated with focussing do not involve contrast.
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Bernard Caron. La focalisation. Faits de langues, Peter Lang, 1998, 11-12, pp.205-217. ⟨halshs-00644782⟩

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