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Abstract : Hausa is a Chadic language, belonging to the Hamito-Semitic phylum, spoken mainly in Nigeria and Niger by about 50 million speakers. With CV, CVV and CVC syllables, it possesses 10 vowels (5 long, 5 short, 2 diphthongs), 33 consonants or more according to the dialects. It is a 2-tone language, with 2 flat and 1 modular tones. Hausa is a language with subject-constraint where syntactic functions are expressed by word-order, which is strictly SVO. The verbal system is fundamentally aspectual and organised around a 3-term opposition: Perfect-Imperfect-Aorist. The conjugation, which includes negation, is located in a pre-verbal word. Morphology is rich, specially in the nominal plural, with a complex system combining suffixes, prefixes, infixes, consonant germination, doubling, reduplication, and change of tone pattern.
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Submitted on : Sunday, November 27, 2011 - 11:31:10 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, December 1, 2021 - 3:36:50 PM
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Bernard Caron. Haoussa. Emilio Bonvini, Joëlle Busuttil et Alain Peyraube. Dictionnaire des Langues, Presses Universitaires de France, pp.263-269, 2011. ⟨halshs-00643960⟩



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