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L'imparfait, est-il plus facile pour les enfants? Étude comparative entre deux enfants et deux adultes en immersion en français L2

Abstract : Compared to monolingual first language acquisition (L1), and adult second language acquisition (aL2), relatively little research has been done on child second language acquisition(cL2). In this study, a comparison of adult and child L2 is carried out, with special focus on the notouriously difficult imparfait form in French L2. The common factor in the two learner groups is the acquisition context: they are both immersed in a native speaker community, the adults from a stay at a French university, and the children by attending a French school in Sweden. Their use of imparfait, as regards lexical spreading on different verbs and the functions expressed, is compared in a longitudinal perspective. While both groups benefit from the immersion context, the development of the children seems faster and more stable: once they start using imparfait productively, they use it for a greater range of its many functions (habituality and ongoingness) and in a more autonomous way than the adults. The results are discussed in the light of age of onset and time of exposure to the L2.
Mots-clés : Linguistique
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00638411
Contributor : Maria Kihlstedt <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, November 29, 2011 - 4:15:26 PM
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Maria Kihlstedt. L'imparfait, est-il plus facile pour les enfants? Étude comparative entre deux enfants et deux adultes en immersion en français L2. Mélanges plurilingues offerts à Suzanne Schlyter à l'occasion de son 65e anniversaire. Études romanes de Lund 85, l'Université de Lund, pp.179-196, 2009. ⟨halshs-00638411⟩

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