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High levels of molecular polymorphism at the KIR2DL4 locus in French and Congolese populations: Impact for anthropology and clinical studies

Abstract : To characterize KIR2DL4 molecular polymorphism, a cloning-sequencing protocol was performed in 49 French and 52 Teke Congolese individuals. These two populations exhibited high levels of genetic diversity for KIR2DL4, possibly under the influence of natural selection. The most frequent alleles in French individuals (i.e., *00801 and *00802 with a cumulated frequency of 43%) were not the same in Congolese individuals (i.e., *00103 at 47%). In the latter population, four new allelic variants were detected, three of them harboring nonsynonymous substitutions leading to amino acid changes in the extracellular and cytoplasmic domains of the protein. Expression patterns of KIR2DL4 were tightly linked with 9 and 10 poly-adenine polymorphism in exon 7 (i.e., 9A and 10A type alleles). French individuals exhibited a majority of 9A alleles (62%), whereas Congolese individuals had a dominant subset of 10A alleles (72%), suggesting that KIR2DL4 polymorphism could be under the influence of various environmental and pathogenic backgrounds. We conclude that KIR2DL4 might be a good candidate to study for anthropology. In addition, the discovery of its intrinsic variability is shedding light on potential differences among human populations in relation to immunologic functions.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00637993
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 3, 2011 - 2:41:12 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, October 11, 2018 - 10:30:02 AM

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Stephan Buhler, Julie Di Cristofaro, Coralie Frassati, Agnès Basire, Vital Galicher, et al.. High levels of molecular polymorphism at the KIR2DL4 locus in French and Congolese populations: Impact for anthropology and clinical studies. Human Immunology, Elsevier, 2009, 70 (11), pp.953-959. ⟨10.1016/j.humimm.2009.08.002⟩. ⟨halshs-00637993⟩

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