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Political-economic factors shaping news culture.

Abstract : Histories of the printed press and occupational myths tend to emphasise that journalists in most European countries have long been concerned about interferences from political authorities in the editorial sphere. But over time, other sources of potential influence, including advertising, commercial pressures, competition and other economic pressures became matters of concern. As news evolved to become a big business, news desks have had to cope with different forms of political and economic influences, ranging from soft pressures to strict censorship. On the whole, journalistic practices have been strongly marked by national historical situations and values linked to the particular context in which media were built and to the balance of power with political authorities. European democracies and Eastern regimes produced many national journalistic traditions and models, reflecting differing forms and degrees of media independence and editorial freedom.
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Submitted on : Monday, October 31, 2011 - 9:14:28 AM
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Jacques Guyot. Political-economic factors shaping news culture.. Paschal Preston. Making the news. Journalism and news cultures in Europe, Routledge, pp.135-149, 2009. ⟨halshs-00636604⟩

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