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La genèse des explications en situation de lecture mère-enfant

Abstract : Explanation is a complex discourse behaviour which aims to establish, for the listener, a relationship between a "key event"" and a cause or reason. This inductive research described the genesis of explanation in one child (from the age of 22 months to 28 months) through mother-child reading interaction using one story. The child participated in a shared book reading session every day. Once a month, the same book was used, and the session was videotaped and transcribed verbatim (gestures and words). The analysis focussed on the causal links made by the child concerning key events in the story. The child's words and gestures were classified, through logic analysis, by level of discourse behaviour. Based on this classification, a grid relating to the emergence of explanatory activity was constructed, listing criteria worked out by two judges during the analysis phase. A preliminary form of explanation emerged when the child connected the words in the story to his immediate surroundings by reproducing the actions in the book or pointing out elements that were similar in his own environment. A second form of explanation appeared when the child took an action from the story and causally extended it into other actions. A more complex form manifested itself when the child referred to an emotion in the illustration and linked it to an event in the story, leading to the beginning of the construction of the key components of narrative (problem/solution). The progression of these behaviours appears to be the prelude to verbalized explanations.
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Contributor : Edy Veneziano <>
Submitted on : Sunday, October 23, 2011 - 11:27:35 AM
Last modification on : Monday, July 20, 2020 - 1:06:04 PM


  • HAL Id : halshs-00634775, version 1


Claudia Sanchez, Helène Makdissi, Andrée Boisclair, Edy Veneziano. La genèse des explications en situation de lecture mère-enfant. 17th European Conference on Reading: Literacy and Diversity., Jul 2011, Mons, Belgique. ⟨halshs-00634775⟩



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