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Les systèmes de vélos en libre-service expliquent-ils le retour du vélo en ville ?

Abstract : Do bike sharing systems explain the renewal of urban cycling? - Many French and European cities have developed a bike sharing system since 2005. This policy may be explained in a great part by the success of the Velo'v in Lyon, which contributed to improve the image of cycling in the city. If bicycles, however, appear to find a new place in the city, one can wonder whether this is really due to bike sharing systems? What are the real uses of bicycles in contemporary cities, with or without such a system? To answer these questions, the paper starts with a literature review on bicycle in the city, to draw lessons from recent experiences of bike sharing systems. It then discusses the two cases of Lyon and Lille, which never had a bike sharing system on its own. The evolution of bicycle use is measured with a comparison of household transportation surveys in Lyon (1995 and 1998) and Lille (1998 and 2006). In both cities, the analysis reveals a rise in the proportion of healthiest citizens among urban bikers, as well as a return of bikes in dense areas. Bike sharing systems are part of such tendencies. They support them, but should not become a panacea for policies supporting bike use in the city.
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Contributor : Emmanuel Ravalet <>
Submitted on : Friday, October 14, 2011 - 11:37:44 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, August 13, 2020 - 12:46:17 PM




Emmanuel Ravalet, Yves Bussiere. Les systèmes de vélos en libre-service expliquent-ils le retour du vélo en ville ?. RTS - Recherche Transports Sécurité, IFSTTAR, 2012, 28 (1), pp.15-24. ⟨10.1007/s13547-011-0020-6⟩. ⟨halshs-00632403⟩



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