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Analysing the influence of different street vegetation on traffic-induced particle dispersion using microscale simulations

Abstract : Urban vegetation can be viewed as compensation to the environment drawbacks of urbanisation. However, its ecosystem function is not well-known and, for urban planning, vegetation is mainly considered as an element of urban design. This article argues that planning practice needs to re-examine the impact of vegetation cover in the urban fabric given our evaluation of vegetation's effects on air quality, including the dispersion of traffic-induced particles at street level. Using the three-dimensional microclimate model ENVI-met, we evaluate these effects regarding the height-to-width ratio of streets flanked by buildings and the vertical and horozontal density of street vegetation. Our results reveal vegetation's effect on particle dispersion through its influence on street vegetation. In general, vegetation was found to reduce wind speed, causing inhibition of canyon ventilation and, consequently, an increase in particle concentrations. Vegetation was also found to reduce wind speed at crown-height and to disrupt the fliw field in close vicinity to the canopy. With increasing height-to-width ratio of street canyons, wind speed reduction increases and the disturbance of the flow impacts across a canyon's entire width. We also found that the effect is more pronounced in configurations with poor ventilation, such as the low wind speed, perpendicular inflow direction, and in deep canyons cases
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00625619
Contributor : Rosine Schlumberger <>
Submitted on : Thursday, September 22, 2011 - 10:11:23 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, November 24, 2020 - 10:50:13 AM

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  • HAL Id : halshs-00625619, version 1

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Annett Wania, Michael Bruse, Nadège Blond, Christiane Weber. Analysing the influence of different street vegetation on traffic-induced particle dispersion using microscale simulations. Journal of Environmental Management, Elsevier, 2011, in press, pp.xx-xx. ⟨halshs-00625619⟩

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