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Du sullogismos au syllogisme.

Abstract : The definition of a sullogismos in Aristotle's Topics and Prior Analytics is strictly identical, although it is generally admitted that in the latter treatise this word refers to the distinct deductive structure that we call "syllogism". This paper aims at showing that the word sullogismos may be given the same meaning throughout the Organon and throughout the Aristotelian corpus and that it refers to a characteristic move in the course of a dialectical debate, i.e. when the questioner, summing up a whole sequence of the previous discussion, shows that he is in a position to force upon his interlocutor a conclusion which the latter cannot escape. Following a suggestion made by Hintikka (1993), this paper shows that the notion most probably originates from Plato's dialogues, and uses it as a leading thread to show how the Aristotelian concept of rhetoric, on the one hand, and Aristotle's formal "syllogistic", on the other, may have grown out of this original dialectical core.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 18, 2011 - 11:35:11 AM
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Michel Crubellier. Du sullogismos au syllogisme.. Revue philosophique de la France et de l'étranger, Presses Universitaires de France, 2011, Tome 136 (1 (2011)), pp. 17-36. ⟨10.3917/rphi.111.0017⟩. ⟨halshs-00593951⟩



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