Invisibles ou absents ? Questions sur la présence kurde à Bagdad aux Ve-VIe/XIe-XIIe siècles

Abstract : During the 5th/11th c., scholars, mystics and militaries were coming to Baghdad from zones of Kurdish population. This phenomenon was even stronger during the 6th/12th c. Were these visitors or emigrants Kurds? They are not always identified as such by the medieval sources. This article tries to get a more precise image of the Kurdish presence in Baghdad during these centuries. Kurds were part of Seljuq and Abbasid armies, but also of troupes serving local Iraqi rulers. Among them were emirs (like the powerful Hazārasb ibn Bankīr) as well as mere soldiers. Arab chronicles also talk of Kurds as "non-Arab Bedouins" living in the steppe. But Kurds are more difficult to identify in civilian and urban spheres. Some families of Baghdadi scholars, judges or mystics, like the Suhrawardī and the Šahrazūrī, originated from the Kurdish areas, but it is usually not possible to determine their ethnicity. Such conclusions lead us to consider as relatively unrelevant ethnic designations in some contexts, like the urban and learned milieu.
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Vanessa van Renterghem. Invisibles ou absents ? Questions sur la présence kurde à Bagdad aux Ve-VIe/XIe-XIIe siècles. Etudes Kurdes, 2009, 10, p. 21-52. ⟨halshs-00587886⟩

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