J. Anderson and E. Van-wincoop, Trade Costs, Journal of Economic Literature, vol.42, issue.3, pp.691-751, 2004.
DOI : 10.1257/0022051042177649

J. Anderson and E. Van-wincoop, Gravity with Gravitas: A Solution to the Border Puzzle, American Economic Review, vol.93, issue.1, pp.170-192, 2003.
DOI : 10.1257/000282803321455214

S. Baier and J. Bergstrand, The growth of world trade: tariffs, transport costs, and income similarity, Journal of International Economics, vol.53, issue.1, pp.1-27, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0022-1996(00)00060-X

J. Bergstrand, The Generalized Gravity Equation, Monopolistic Competition, and the Factor-Proportions Theory in International Trade, The Review of Economics and Statistics, vol.71, issue.1, pp.143-153, 1989.
DOI : 10.2307/1928061

M. Berthelon, Growth effect of regional integration agreements. Central Bank of Chile Working Papers No 278, 2004.

M. Cabezas, Tratado de libre comercio entre Chile y Estado unidos: revision de estudios que cuantifican su impacto. Central Bank of Chile Working Papers No 239, 2003.

R. Chumacero, R. Fuentes, and . Schmidt, Chile's free trade arrangements: How big is the deal, 2004.

A. Dixit and J. Stiglitz, Monopolistic Competition and Optimum Product Diversity, The American Economic Review, vol.67, issue.3, pp.297-308, 1977.
DOI : 10.1017/cbo9780511492273.004

C. Evans, The Economic Significance of National Border Effects, American Economic Review, vol.93, issue.4, pp.1291-1312, 2003.
DOI : 10.1257/000282803769206304

S. Evenett and W. Keller, On Theories Explaining the Success of the Gravity Equation, Journal of Political Economy, vol.110, issue.2, pp.281-316, 2003.
DOI : 10.1086/338746

R. Feenstra, Advanced International Trade: Theory and Evidence, 2003.

. Fontagné, . Mayer, S. Thierry, and . Zignago, Trade in the Triad: how easy is the access to large markets?, Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d&apos;<html_ent glyph="@eacute;" ascii="e"/>conomique, vol.85, issue.4, pp.1402-1430, 2005.
DOI : 10.1162/003465300558533

J. Harrigan, Openness to trade in manufactures in the OECD, Journal of International Economics, vol.40, issue.1-2, pp.23-39, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/0022-1996(95)01395-4

G. Harrison, T. Rutherford, and D. Tarr, Chile's regional arrangements: the importance of market access and lowering the tariff to six percent. Central Bank of Chile Working Papers No 238, 2003.

J. Haveman, U. Nair-reichert, and J. Thursby, How Effective are Trade Barriers? An Empirical Analysis of Trade Reduction, Diversion, and Compression, Review of Economics and Statistics, vol.75, issue.2, pp.480-485, 2003.
DOI : 10.1086/261869

K. Head and J. Ries, Rationalization effects of tariff reductions, Journal of International Economics, vol.47, issue.2, pp.295-320, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0022-1996(98)00019-1

K. Head and T. Mayer, Effetfrontì ere, intégrationintégrationéconomique et " Forteresse Europe, 2001.
DOI : 10.3406/ecop.2002.6367

K. Head and J. Ries, Increasing Returns Versus National Product Differentiation as an Explanation for the Pattern of U.S.???Canada Trade, American Economic Review, vol.91, issue.4, pp.858-76, 2002.
DOI : 10.1257/aer.91.4.858

D. Hummels, Toward a Geography of Trade Costs, SSRN Electronic Journal, 2001.
DOI : 10.2139/ssrn.160533

D. Hummels and J. Levinsohn, Monopolistic Competition and International Trade: Reconsidering the Evidence, The Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol.110, issue.3, pp.799-836, 1995.
DOI : 10.2307/2946700

P. Krugman, Scale Economies, Product Differentiation, and the Pattern of Trade, The American Economic Review, vol.70, issue.5, pp.950-59, 1980.

J. Mccallum, National Borders Matter, The American Economic Review, vol.85, issue.3, pp.615-638, 1995.

A. Nicita and M. Olarreaga, Trade and production, 1976-99, Policy Research Working Paper Series, vol.2701, 2001.

F. Nowak-lehmann, S. Dierk, and . Wollmer, The Free Trade Agreement Between Chile and the EU: Its Potential Impact on Chile's Export Industry, Applied Econometrics and International Development, vol.7, issue.1, 2007.

S. Redding and A. Venables, Economic geography and international inequality, Journal of International Economics, vol.62, issue.1, pp.53-82, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jinteco.2003.07.001

. Wei, Intra-National Versus International Trade: How stubborn are nations in Global Integration, 1996.
DOI : 10.3386/w5531