Le soufisme et les soufis selon Ibn Taymiyya

Abstract : Inherited from 19th century Orientalism and enhanced by the advent of Wahhabism and Salafism, Ibn Taymiyya's anti-sufi reputation has continued to obscure the mystical aspect of his work. The Hanbali scholar, described as the sworn enemy of Sufism, however, would have belonged to the Qāddiriyya Sufi order. Prejudice concerning Ibn Taymiyya and his Hanbali school, as well as specific difficulties in the approach towards Islamic mysticism, have been major obstacles to a comprehensive study on the relationship of Ibn Taymiyya in Sufism. The epistle al-Ṣufiyya wa-l-fuqarā, which is the subject of this work, reveals not only his explicit approval of Sufism, but also a vigorous defense of this discipline aimed at those who would have it condemned as such. In addition, a careful reading of this epistle, combined with historical facts and other writings of the Hanbali scholar, reveal a mystical doctrine in the tradition of great Sufi masters such as, Ğunayd, Abū Bakr al-Kalābāḏī, Abū Ṭālib al-Makkī, ʿAbd al-Raḥmān al-Sulamī, etc.
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Qais Assef. Le soufisme et les soufis selon Ibn Taymiyya. Bulletin d'Etudes Orientales, Institut Français du Proche-Orient (IFPO), 2012, LX, pp.91-122. ⟨halshs-00584673v3⟩

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