L'Europe agronomique de C. J. A. Mathieu de Dombasle

Abstract : C. J. A. Mathieu de Dombasle (1777-1843) was an agronomist from Lorraine who was recognized by is peers in 1821. His conception of a swing plough and the writing in French of the theory on the plough went down in history as the most innovating ones. Mathieu de Dombasle was also behind the first French farming school. Never before had such an agronomist career, along with innovating actions, been studied in an European scale. However, the European context and the communicative network considerably influenced Mathieu de Dombasle, who incessantly inspired from the work of Thaër (the famous Prussian agronomist) or from those of Arthur Young and sir John Sinclair, both English agronomists. Not only was our French agronomist the translator of Thaër's and Sinclair's ideas, but he was also the central figure thanks to which these ideas were spread. For a long time English agriculture represented an ideal for the French agronomists of the 18th and 19th centuries. Mathieu de Dombasle's particular case has put to the fore German agronomy and has qualified the English one as far as the farming techniques and theoretical referents from the French agronomists of the time were concerned.
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Contributor : Fabien Knittel <>
Submitted on : Friday, March 18, 2011 - 9:03:44 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, February 7, 2019 - 2:39:09 PM

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  • HAL Id : halshs-00577985, version 1

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Fabien Knittel. L'Europe agronomique de C. J. A. Mathieu de Dombasle. Revue d'Histoire Moderne et Contemporaine, Societe D'histoire Moderne et Contemporaine, 2010, 57 (1), pp.119-138. ⟨halshs-00577985⟩

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