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La fréquentation des sites naturels de canyoning : une approche socio-culturelle : (Étude réalisée dans le département des Pyrénées-Orientales)

Abstract : Based on a socio-cultural study (Pociello 1981; Bourdieu, 1979) carried out through questionnaires (N = 237) and added to by several semi-structured interviews, this article studies the users of canyoneering natural sites. Partly picking up on the traditional opposition to the social space of sports (Pociello, 1995), the results highlight four ideal types of users: the tourist-customers, the hedonistic participants and the purists; that represents respectively 67 %, 16 % and 8 % of the total of Canyoneering sites visited, and also the guides. The tourist-customers are the beginners who are taught by a guide. For the majority of these people, it is the first descent (73 %) and less than 13 % of them have already been canyoneering less than five times. For them, canyoneering is a holiday activity (39 %) or a natural sport (40 %) or even, an activity of nature, but the ecological concern is not relatively present. The hedonistic participants are then those who practice canyoneering without an instructor and do 4 to 40 canyons per season in optimal conditions. And the purists are men aged from 35 to 65, who reside in rural areas. Purists, or "impassioned" as they are defined, practise all year round. They account for the greatest number of outings (from 40 to 100 canyons per year). The article discusses in particular the relation between the person and their own body, the influence of the distinguishing mechanism within the activity, and the separation between consumption and participation in canyoneering.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00576198
Contributor : André Suchet <>
Submitted on : Sunday, March 13, 2011 - 3:17:16 PM
Last modification on : Friday, July 17, 2020 - 9:28:29 AM

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André Suchet, Dominique Jorand. La fréquentation des sites naturels de canyoning : une approche socio-culturelle : (Étude réalisée dans le département des Pyrénées-Orientales). KARSTOLOGIA, Fédération Française de Spéléologie et Association Française de Karstologie, 2009, 26 (53), pp.15-26. ⟨halshs-00576198⟩

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